Casino Game Protection (A Comprehensive Guide) - Steve Forte

Casino Game Protection (A Comprehensive Guide) - Steve Forte
Item# casino-game-protection-a-comprehensive-guide--steve-forte
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Product Description

SOLD OUT - Out of Print - Do Not Order

It is all here - everything you wanted and maybe did not want to know regarding crooked gambling as it relates to the casino. Three years in the making. This is a limited edition run - secure your copy today.

The most important, definitive treatise ever presented on the methods, detection and prevention of Casino Scams, Theft, Card Counters and all Advantage Strategies! SHIPPING IS A BIT EXTRA BECAUSE OF THE WEIGHT OF THIS BOOK Topics include Cheaters, Advantage Players, Gaming Law, Electronic Player Assistance, Procedures, Surveillance, Myths, Game Protection Mathematics, Training, The Future of Game Protection, and much, much more.

Casino Game Protection -- A Comprehensive Guide is a complete, one-volume course in the science of casino game protection, an invaluable training tool for management, pit personnel, surveillance, security, and related law enforcement agencies, and a must read for all gamers hungry for knowledge!

Hardbound with sewn signatures

Printed on acid-free quality paper

Four-color laminated front and back jacket

Over 600 pages with almost 500 color photographs

Photos by Award Winning photographer Bill Taylor

Dozens of Custom-Created Charts

Comprehensive Glossary, Bibliography, and Index

Contributions from the industry's leading experts

30 Years of Research In One Definitive Volume!

Casino Game Protection -- A Comprehensive Guide is the culmination of almost 30 years of research into the arena of casino cheating, advantage play, electronic player assistance, and you name it. If it was made, designed, worked out, played, or dreamed of, and had anything to do with beating the casino -- legally or otherwise -- it's probably discussed in this book.

Since every casino in the world is different regarding its level of security, overall pit expertise, and quality of surveillance, their security needs are also different. What might be considered an obsolete technique in a premier property, could very well have application in the peripheral markets. In fact, no casino is immune from the craftiness of the professional cheater or the sophistication of today's advantage players. Therefore, a wide range of scams and strategies are presented in this work from the standpoint and conviction that there is a time and place for every scam and strategy discussed in its pages.

Casino Game Protection -- A Comprehensive Guide covers everything from marked cards and "coolers" to advantage play and electronic assistance; everything from game manipulation and sleight-of-hand to the subtleties and psychology of the most successful scams and strategies ever encountered; everything from gaming law and procedural issues to the most common myths and misconception are discussed in detail.

Scams and strategies run the gambit of rank and amateurish to sophisticated and professional, so with each topic, a variety of moves were selected that best illustrate the spectrum of a particular technique or strategy. Also covered in some detail is the historical development of many of today's scams or strategies. This background provides us with a deeper understanding of how and why certain scams, strategies, and procedures have evolved, which may, in turn, provide us with some sense of what to expect in the future.

The research begins with discussions of those important background topics that lay the groundwork for the detailed game information to follow. After the games are covered, along with chapters dealing exclusively on card counting, and advantage play (focus on shuffle tracking), we'll look at some universal scams (focus on marked cards). The final chapter looks at the science of detection and numerous related topics.

Numerous references to existing works are sited, and every effort was made to give credit where credit was due. An extensive glossary and index is provided, along with a detailed bibliography to help point you in the direction of quality information for further research.

Written in an informal style, and with almost 500 color photographs, the book also features plenty of entertaining anecdotes and sometimes-colorful language. The goal was to make Casino Game Protection -- A Comprehensive Guide both interesting to read and easy to understand ... all designed to maximize the learning process.

Casino Game Protection -- A Comprehensive Guide was written for all capacities and levels of experience. If you are new to gaming, this book provides your opportunity to separate fact from fiction, and to expand your game protection knowledge in short order. For veteran gamers who believe that the cornerstone of an effective, confident supervisor, pit boss, casino manager, or surveillance operator is a well-rounded knowledge of game protection, this book will provide an invaluable reference tool. Casino Game Protection -- A Comprehensive Guide was written with the hope of providing all gamers, especially those with a thirst for knowledge, and regardless of their level of experience, with a definitive guide to this vital industry topic.

Finally, the book provides the rarest of insight and perspective, as the author is one who has worked many years in the industry, played many years as a successful high-stakes professional gambler, and later as a casino consultant with clients worldwide.

The following extended table of contents has been provided for you to browse the full range of information presented.


Table of Contents


Game Protection

Overview, Cheaters, Card Counters, Advantage Players, Table Game Procedures


Crossroaders, Hustlers, Professionals and Amateurs Knowledge, Experience, Judgement, Planning, Innovation, Technique, Money, Social Skills Organization

Crews, Captain, Takeoff Man, Mechanic, Support Players, The Inside Man Specialists


Desperation, Ego, Larceny, Revenge, Industry Dislike, Independence

Advantage Players

History, Tricks, Exploitable Loopholes, Equipment Bias, The Peek Game, Other Games

The Elements of a Scam


The Turn

Dealers, Supervisors, Surveillance, Customers


Call-in, Scrub, Stop/Go,

George/Tom, Heat, Brush, Deviation, Multiple Systems, Card Signaling, Count Signaling, Sky Signals, Verbal, Physical Employee Theft and Inside Collusion

Electronic Player Assistance

Signaling Devices

Thumpers, Transceivers,

Transmitter-Receivers, Loops, Receiving Devices Computers

Blackjack Computers, Roulette Computers, Technical Features, Confidential Report, Miniaturization, RF Leakage, Developments Cameras

Methods of Concealment, Systems, Boosters, Applications, Imager Efficiency, Body Worn VCRs, Remote Stations, Uploading to the Internet, Developments The Future

Wearable Gadgets, Surgically Implanted Devices, Hi Tech Wizards

What is Cheating?

Cheating Statues, Definitions, Conspiracies

The Law and Card Counting, Advantage Play, Signaling and Devices

Questionable Scenarios



The Steal, One Card Mucks, Chopping, Drink Muck, Double Down Mucks, Two Players, Two Card Mucks, Cleaning Up


Double Chop, Feeders, One Player/Two Hands, One Hand Switch/Two Hands


Hand Held Shiner, Cigarette Shiner, Chip Shiner, Money Shiner, Glass Shiner

Check Moves (Outside)

Capping/Pressing Blackjack Cap, Bottom Bet Cap, Quadruple Down, Pinching, Quick Pinch, Scratch Pinch, Bottom Check Pinch,


Cutting Techniques

Wobble Cut, Cut Peek, Riffle Cut, Multiple Card Peek, Mechanical Peeker, Cutcard Peek

Dealer Agent Scams

Slug Scams and Stacking the Deck False Shuffles Carrying a Slug, Scrape Cut, Center Stripping, Other Methods, Classic Slug Scam, High Low Slug Scam, Stacking the Deck, Lay Stack, Pickup Stack, Riffle Stack, Circle Stack, New Deck Stack Nullifying the Cutoffs Nullifying the Cut, Pop Cut, Laying a Brief, Short Cut, Cutcard Brief, Cutcard Shift


Cold Deck (single deck), Cold Deck (multi-deck), New Deck Coolers, Burncard Coolers, Slug Coolers, "Deadlock," Future Coolers

Peek/Flash Scams


Back Peek, Heel Peek, Bubble

Peek, Fan Peek


Classic Flash, Bubble Flash, Gap Flash, Hitcard Flash, Holecard Flash Shoe Peeks, Nail Peek, Fan Peek, Holecard flash, In the Shoe Peek

Check Moves (Inside)

Dumping the Game, Pushing Off to Agents, Sizing in High, Color Change/Color In Cap, Mixed Color Overpay, Blackjack Cap, Winning Hand Cap, Other Methods

Strong Arm Cheating

Pitch Moves

Wrong Hand, Switching the Player's Hand, Switching the Holecard, Capping the Deck, Cheap Shots

Shoe Moves

Playing the Topcard, Holdout Deal, Shoe Cap, Holecard Switch Gaffed Shoes

Electronic Peek Shoe, Peek Shoe with Shiner, Other Methods



Short History Blackjack Analysis, Early System Players, Strategies Hit the Printed Page, Beat the Dealer, The Industry Deals with Skilled Players

The Fundamentals

Basic Strategy

What is it worth? Rule Variations, The Public's Play, Basic Strategy and the Industry

Card Counting Systems

Balanced Counts, Un-Balanced Counts, Which Count is Best? (So Many Counts), How far can we go?, Which Count is Right for Gamers?, How Counts Look and Play

True Count

Traditional Methods, Short Cuts, Conversion Factors, Pivot

Playing Strategy

Strategy Indexes, Early Count Playing Strategies, The Top Plays

Betting Strategies

Optimal, Graduated, Parlay, Take Back, Spreading Down, Multiple Hands, Color Schemes, Cover Zones, Delayed Bet Spreads, Back Counting, Bet Spread Mathematics

The Card Counter's Bankroll Pocket Bankroll, Risk, Kelly Criterion, Optimal Bet Size

Pseudo Card Counting Systems Card Counting Props, Mechanical Devices and Computers

The Players

Tourists, Card Watchers, Imitators, Amateurs, Professional Players, Professional Teams

Card Counting - Perspective Precision?, Computer Simulations, Understanding the Player's Edge, Probability of Winning, Risk of Ruin, Win Rates, Percentage Advantage versus Unit Win

Detection / Evaluation

Strategy Deviations, Bet Spread, Win Rate, Taking Your Time, Other Factors

Countermeasures and Barring



Playing Holecard

Basers, Front Loaders, Index Dealer, The Express Play, Holecard Strategy


Bottom Card Steering, Center Cut Estimation, Playing the Stack

Playing the Turn

Shuffle Tracking

A Short History

Playing Location

Strip Flash, Lops, High Riffles Slug Tracking Grab Size, Pre-Shuffle Slugs, The Tracking Process, Mapping, Practice, Memory, Advantage, Cutcard, Dealer Selection, Strategy


Criss-Cross, Reload, 6 Packet Criss-Cross, Indicator Slugs, Dilution Shuffle, Tracking Bottoms Slug Tracking Computers Countermeasures, Tests, Plugging the Cutoffs, Caesar's Switch, Splits, Detection

Sequence Tracking

The Predictable Riffle Shuffle Ace Tracking: Keycards, Double Keys, Triple Keys Other forms of Sequential Information

Betting/Steering, Dealer Selection, Advantage, Teams, Maps Sequential Tracking Computers, Captain Crunch, Locking into Two Sequences

Countermeasures, Tests, Number of Riffles, Stripping, Detection Pseudo Shuffle Systems Randomness, Bias, Clumping, Simulating Human Shuffles Shuffling Machines

Continuous Shufflers

Loopholes, Card Counting, Skewed Frequency Distributions, Card Shenanigans

Non-Continuous Shufflers Shuffle Master, Other Shufflers, Scams and Loopholes, Regulatory Approval

The Science of Shuffling

The Riffle Shuffle, Stripping the Deck, Boxing the Deck, The Best Procedures, Shuffle Speed, Dead Game Shuffling, Alternative Shuffling Procedures for Suspect Play




The Dice

Manufacturing Process, Manufacturing Variances, Precision Dice, Legal Specifications

Crooked Dice

Passers, Missouts, Weight, Flats, Bevels, Edge Work, Surface Work, Tops, Double Number, Magnetic Dice, Other Variations, Crooked Gambling Supply Houses

Dice Switches

Palm Switch, Thumb Switch, No Spill Switch, Money Switch, Jacket Switch,One Die Switches, Dice Shell, Other Methods, Cleaning Up Scams with Gaffed Dice

The Old Days

The Casino Logo and Serial Number, Hot Stamp Machines, Stamps, Vulnerability Scams/Percentage Dice, Scams/Tops, Scams/Double Number, The Craps Cooler Detection/Tests Visual Inspection, Spotting, Balancer, Dice Square, Edge Test, Surface Test, Micrometer, Magnet Test

Controlled Dice Shots

Push Shot, Spin Shot, Puck Shot, Walking the Die, Off the Table Shot, Other Shots

Countermeasures, The Back Wall, The String Scams with Controlled Dice Shots One Die Lay down Setup, The Lay Down, Money Laydown Outside Crap Moves Proposition Hustles, Past Posting, Money Switch, Pressing the Don't, Other Methods

Dealer-Agent Scams

The Catch, Rail Moves, Handing Off, Comebet Overpays, Putting Bets Up, Thumb Busting, Totaling, Capping, Call Bet Scams, Miscalling, Other Methods

Stealing from the Box

Stealing Checks, Handing off to the Floor, Stealing Cash, Hanging a Bill Setting the Dice

The System, Testing the System, Test Results



Past Posting Solo, Past Posting with Props, Team Past Posting, Two Color Past Posting, Runners Losing Bet Switches Conversion Scams

Outside Ball Manipulation Manipulating the Table, Steel Core Roulette Balls, Unusual Cheating Devices

Dealer-Agent Scams Dealer Past Posting, Column Past Posting, Overpays, Double Check Past Post, Back Palm Past Post, Pushing Dirty Stacks, Other Methods

Gaffing the Wheel Early Gaffed Wheels, Gaffing the Modern Wheel, Gaffed Wheels versus Biased Wheels Bias Wheels

Bias, Collecting the Data, Analyzing the Data, Standard Deviation, Chi Square


Visual, Table, Bowl, Spindle, Ball Track, Canoes, Number Strip, Rotor, Pockets, Cone, Inside Bowl, Ball, Software Analysis, Manufacturer's Guidelines

Roulette Computers

How Roulette Computers Work, Problems and Obstacles, The Capricious Nature of the Wheel, Overseas Conditions, The Modern Wheel, New Technologies

Visual Prediction


The Basics

Ball Track Bias, Rotor Speed, Ball Speed, Bounce, The Strategy Real World Conditions Roulette Computers versus Visual Prediction

Section Shooting

Skill, Section Shooting Versus Visual Prediction, It Can Be Done, Procedures, Roulette Specialists, House Dealers, Monte Carlo Dealer's Signatures Theory, Strategies, The 17 Rule Summary


The Slug Scam


Baccarat's Vulnerability, Recording the Cards, 6-Row System, False Shuffles, The Zarrow Shuffle, Faking the Shuffle-Check, Faking the Wash

Big Table Baccarat

New Deck Slugs, Flashing During the Wash, Peek Stack Slug Scams and Technology Beating the Shuffler, Hidden Cameras and False Shuffles

Strong Arm Cheating

Shoe Peeks

Passing the Shoe, Lip Peek, Holdout Peek, Shoe Peek with Lid Gaffed Shoes

Prism Shoes, Remote Control Slug Shoe



John Scarne, Stranger Cards, Macau Scam

Other Methods

Card Counting

Effect of Removal, Baccarat's Dependent Nature, Thorp and Griffin Studies

Advantage Play

Shuffle Tracking

Slug Tracking, Sequence Tracking, Tracking Nines, Locking into Two Sequences

Back Card Steering

Topcard Advantages, First Six Card Advantages

Other Methods

Capping, Pinching, Past Posting, Moving Losers, Late Bets Summary


The Dice

Asian Style Dice, Three Dice Frequencies, Dealing Orders The Dice Cup

Metal Cups, Protection Cups, Acrylic Cubical Cup

Nullifying the Dice

Rank Methods, No Shake, Miss-Call, Cup Peek, Lid Control, Controlled Shakes

Crooked Dice: Magnetic Dice, Misspots, Percentage Dice, Other Possibilities

Dice Switches, Cup Switches

Marked Tiles

Sanding, Nicking, Scratching, Red Work, Finish Work, Other Methods, Hi Tech Marking

Stacking the Tiles

Culling, False Shuffles, No Touch False Shuffle, Professional "Shufflers"

Applications: Classic Stack, Stacking with Marked Tiles, The Odd-Even Stack, Delivery Stacking

Strong Arm Cheating


One Tile Muck, Dupes, Cleaning Up Switching

Double Chop, Feeders, Wrong Position Switching Reflection Peek, Flash Scam Strong Arm Cheating Switching the Player's Hand, Pushing and Paying Losers, Other Methods

Freezing the Table


Skillful Play

The Dice, Crooked Dice, Stacking, The Asian Deal, Starter Cards, Strong Arm Cheating


Electronic Dice


Mathematical Analysis, Dependent Trials, The Shuffle, Cut, Deal, Topcarding, Playing Holecard, Networking, Cheating, Novelty Game Basic Strategies




Local Courtesy, Playing Tophand, Middling, Pre-Arranged Strategies, Playing Cousins, Playing out of the Same Pocket, Perception, Tournaments

Shuffle Related Scams

Culling, Weeding, Faking the Scramble/Wash, Top Slug Controls, Push Through Full Deck Control

Nullifying the Cut

False Cuts, Slip Cut, In-Stripper Brief Applications

The Kill, Slug Scam, Dealing Known Holecards, Flop Moves, Bad Beat Jackpots, Riffle Stacking, The Perfect Shuffle, The Peek Stack, Deal'em Back, Double Duke, The Delayed Stack, Slug or Cooler, Bin Cooler

Holding Out

Steals, Holding Out, Seven Card Stud Scenario, Hold'em, Holding Out with Inside Collusion, Cleaning Up

Mechanical Holdout Devices Knee-Spread, Bean Shooter, Short Sleeve, Slick Sleeve, Bugs Countermeasures

Changing the Deck, Count Down, Dupes, The Card Index

Strong Arm Cheating


Heel Peek, 2-Down Peek

False Deals

Pitch Second Deal, Stud Second Deal, Bottom Deal, Greek Deal, Mechanic's Grip


Buy-In Cooler, Chip Rack Cooler, Mechanical Cold Deck Machines Capping the Deck

Check Copping, Spraying the Pot Sending The Hand Over, Goose Neck, Spectators

Cheap Shots

Intentional String Bets, Other





Double Apron, Spring Loaded Sun, Sleeve Sub, Fly Sub, Shirt Sub, Tie Sub

Swinging without Subs, Other Methods

Chip Cup and the Double Sided Checks

Administrative Scams

Marker Scams, fills, credits, openers, closers, counterfeit checks (chips), counterfeit traveler's checks, counterfeit money, stolen payroll checks, theft

Marked Cards

Short History

Early Playing Cards, Steamboats, Stamped Decks, Crooked Gambling Supply Houses, Early Scams, Casino Scams

Inside and Outside Work, Combinations, The Shoe Game, European Style Blackjack, Other Games, Advantages, Card Control The Work (Inside Systems)


Matching the Ink, Enlarged Diamonds, Humps, White Ink



Formulas, Reading Shade, Line Shade, Highway Shade, Spot Shade, Juice, Flash, White-on-White, Partial and Natural White-on-White, Triangle Shade Sorts

Overall Back, Border Sorts, White Backed Sorts, Percentage Sorts Trims

Overall Back, White Back, Cutters and Rounders

Sand/Scratch, The Shine, Luminous Readers, Rounders

The Work (Outside Systems) Playing The Bend, Snaking (Waving), Top Carding Aces, Buckle, Plastic Cards Daub, Daub Substitutes, Concealment, Graphite, Nail Nicking, Knockoff Sticks

Touch Work

Rough and Smooth, Punch, Blackline, The Flex Factory Defects, One Way Backs, Creekers, Electronic Marked Cards,

Other Methods

Tests for Detection

Box, Pip Configuration, Ribbon Spread, Riffle Test, Angled Light, Size Test, Bevel Test, Shade Tests, Gun Test, Squeeze Tests, Touch Tests, Filters, Blacklight, The Eyes, Evaluating the Play



Industry Line of Defense Dealers, Floor, Pit and Shift Supervisors, Casino Managers Surveillance

Capability, The Real Benefits, Cheaters versus Surveillance, Software Detection

Griffin Investigations and Similar Agencies

Detection Skills


Age, Ethnic Background, Sex, Image, Built-In Profiles, Disguises Awareness, Knowledge, Thought Process, Realities, Detection Tips

Table Game Procedures

Uniformity, Anticipation, Which Procedures are Best, Guidelines for Dealers and Supervisors, Protection Against Cheating, Questions, Resistance to Change, Evaluation Game Protection Mathematics Percentage of Winning Hands, Strange Results, Poisson Distribution, The Law of Averages, Standard Deviation, Standard Deviation Shortcuts, Bayes Theorem

The Casino Hold Percentage Measuring Game Performance, What Should My Games Be Holding, Fluctuation Rating Systems

Weak Basic Strategy Players, Error Costs, Frequency of Error, Player Profiles

Myths and Misconceptions

Knowledge Traps, Cheating, Marked Cards, Counting, Shuffle Tracking, Betting Systems, Do Casinos Cheat?, The Short Shoe, Master Hi Low, Preferential Shuffling The Future of Game Protection Biometrics, Accountability Systems, Automation, Realities Training, Sources and Experts Background, Books, Videos, Software, The Internet, Lectures, Surveillance Footage, Personal Contacts, The Ultimate Source Recommendations

Card Counting, Shuffle Tracking, Advantage Play, Craps, Roulette, Baccarat, Asian Games, Poker, Mathematics, Surveillance/Security, General, Cheating Web Sites, Retail Outlets, Experts Summary

Final Thoughts

Book Expectations, Future Editions, Casino Game Protection Web Site